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Diurnal Variability and Detectability of Vegetation Red Edge of Earth-like Exoplanets
Wang F(王飞); He JP(何晋平)
2021-03
Source PublicationThe Astrophysical Journal
Volume909Issue:1Pages:10-19
Abstract

The vegetation red edge (VRE) is a unique spectral fingerprint of light-harvesting vegetation on Earth and provides a robust remote detectable surface biosignature of exoplanets. To improve the detectability and sensitivity, we have studied the diurnal variability of VRE in the disk-integrated spectra of Earth and also Earth analogs in the case of different observing geometry conditions. Simulation results show that the VRE index varies from <−0.4 to >0.6 at a diurnal timescale for both present and also Late Triassic Earth, and the maximum variation of VRE in 1 day
changes by >3 times with different observing geometry conditions. This means that the extraterrestrial light-harvesting vegetation (even if it really exists) will not be efficiently detectable without proper observing geometry conditions and time, especially in the case of the exoplanets covered with thick clouds. The VRE temporal variation curve can also be used to retrieve the cloud cover fraction and continent distribution of exoplanets with relatively high precision. Several observational strategies are proposed to detect the light-harvesting vegetation and retrieve the planetary information from the planet’s VRE variation signals, and a mock observation is also demonstrated.
 

Subject Area天文技术与方法
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.niaot.ac.cn/handle/114a32/1953
Collection中国科学院南京天文光学技术研究所_期刊论文
中科院天文光学技术重点实验室_期刊论文
Affiliation南京天文光学技术研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang F,He JP. Diurnal Variability and Detectability of Vegetation Red Edge of Earth-like Exoplanets[J]. The Astrophysical Journal,2021,909(1):10-19.
APA Wang F,&He JP.(2021).Diurnal Variability and Detectability of Vegetation Red Edge of Earth-like Exoplanets.The Astrophysical Journal,909(1),10-19.
MLA Wang F,et al."Diurnal Variability and Detectability of Vegetation Red Edge of Earth-like Exoplanets".The Astrophysical Journal 909.1(2021):10-19.
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